Adel ▲ Opinion ▲ 14 ▲ Crypto, For the People, By the People

Crypto, For the People, By the People

How Blockchain Subverts Today’s Entrenched Power Structures

By:  Gabriel Dusil, co-Founder & General Manager,
Adel Ecosystem Ltd.
&:  John McLeod, Founder,
JEA Associates Ltd.

Mankind has been shaped by borders, whether physical, geographical, technological or financial. Societies have found ways to structure themselves into coherent and ordered blocks. Over the last few centuries empires have risen and fallen, wars have been waged and physical borders have moved. Governments, institutions and multi-lateral structures underpinning political and financial borders have remained intact.

The financial crash of 2008 shook public confidence in banks and government-backed financial institutions that saw billions of dollars, euros, and pounds spent on shoring up the financial system through quantitative easing. Public confidence in financial institutions and governments was at an all-time low. It is no coincidence that Bitcoin emerged out of this economic crisis where traditional institutions failed. A viable alternative was needed without the oversight of big-brother.

Blockchain services undermine traditional forms of governance because it’s decentralized and its users are typically anonymous. This assumes impunity from government and central banks. Anonymous actors are micro components of a growing ecosystem. To date, this crypto sphere has been relatively left untouched by the authorities of the “real-world”, where regulation typically lags innovation.

This raises real questions about how crypto’s services should be managed. Techno-libertarians envision utopian self-regulation, with codified rules that evolve with the technology. Anyone who denies these programmatic rules essentially forfeits their right to participate in this space. Crypto-anarchists envision a free-rule zone for blockchain businesses and unconstrained virtual currency commerce. Within this zone, blockchain businesses would operate free from government intervention and regulation. Bitcoin is essentially a sandbox experiment that is demonstrating how crypto technologies will be successful and be applied to real-world scenarios.

Bitcoin is a sandbox experiment,
demonstrating how crypto will be successful.

Whichever form it takes, blockchain technology will need to entertain the notion of regulatory oversight, for it to gain mainstream acceptance. For this to happen, both the public and private sectors should have a seat at the same table, to establish a common ground for governance and enforcement.

Creating and adopting an agreed set of standards requires consensus from all major stakeholders. Internet’s protocols (e.g. TCP/IP, HTML, and Java) took years before reaching mass adoption. But eventually, this was achieved through well-constructed and easy to implement standards. Crypto coders redefining their own product lifecycle to accelerate adoption by excluding the powers-that-be from the socio-economic power pyramid. For the time being, they are at the pinnacle of this power hierarchy, with governments, banks and even citizens treated as outsiders. But history has shown that closed solutions are not scalable, to the same potential as standards. Any developer can set the rules of their homegrown blockchain. Have the geeks inherited the earth?

We have reached a unique point where the traditional power brokers who normally put the brakes on disruptive technologies have been sidelined in favor of a newly defined crypto power hierarchy. Governments nor banks control the crypto sphere, but they maintain partial control of cyberspace and the real world. Within the isolated world of crypto this hierarchy works, but if mass market adoption is the plan then consensus with the brick and mortar world is needed. The open question is whether this is in the interest of crypto coders, miners, and service providers.

Who could have predicted the spectacular rise in the value of Bitcoin and Ethereum just five years ago? A 100 US$ investment in Bitcoin in 2013 would now be worth 7000 US$ today[i]. Satoshi Nakamoto could not have predicted the creation of nearly 4000 virtual currencies on CoinLib[ii] ten years after releasing his white paper and over 100 thousand token contracts[iii] on the Ethereum blockchain. Only a brave person can envisage what the next five years have in store. It is safe to conclude, however, that crypto has proved its detractors wrong and its potential benefits to humanity are vast. Interoperability, scalability, security, and ease of use for the average person are all questions that need to be answered.

For the first time in history, people have the potential to break down the traditional borders that have divided them, whether geographically, technologically or economically. Individuals are empowered to create crypto services free from government regulation or any other centralized authorities. We have currency for the people by the people, and of the people, only time will tell which direction it takes, and who shapes its future.

About the Authors

Gabriel Dusil

Gabriel is a sales and marketing expert with over 25 years in senior positions at Motorola, VeriSign (acquired by Symantec in 2010 for 1.250 billion US$), and SecureWorks (acquired by Dell in 2011 for 612 million US$), and Cognitive Security (acquired by Cisco in 2013 for 25 million US$). He is a blockchain entrepreneur, with strengths in international business strategy. Gabriel has a bachelor’s degree in Engineering Physics from McMaster University in Canada and expert knowledge in blockchain incubation, cloud computing, IT security, and video streaming, and Over the Top Content (OTT). Gabriel also runs his own company, Euro Tech Startups s.r.o., and manages a professional blog at https://dusil.com.

John McLeod

John has spent nearly a decade working for a number of leading public relations firms in London, focusing primarily on PR management in the financial services sector. John’s expertise includes blockchain technology and the evolution of cryptocurrencies in financial services. That’s why he recently founded his own consulting firm, JEA Associates Ltd., which is specifically positioned to communicate the value proposition of this burgeoning technology. John has spent the past year successfully executing campaigns for a digital currency consultancy, decentralized financial solutions, and online payments platforms.

About Adel

adel.io | Blockchain Agnostic Technology Incubator

Adel is a technology incubator for blockchain innovation. Our community collaborates on ideas and uses the AdelWiki™ to collectively create business plans. Members vote on projects and can become profit participates when they are launched. Expertise within the community brings mentoring, learning, and employment opportunities. Successful projects are re-invested for further growth or issued as rewards to members. Adel is blockchain agnostic and will harness the features of any open-ledger platform to showcase its potential. Our mission is to incubate projects that will positively change the world.

▲ Adelphoi | Digital Currency for Adel Ecosystem

Many virtual currencies are utility or equity tokens on their corresponding blockchains. The Adelphoi (ADL) coin is different, in that it uses a comprehensive process of Idea2Project incubation, to fuel its own ecosystem.

References

[i] https://www.xe.com/currencycharts/?from=XBT&to=USD&view=1Y

[ii] https://coinlib.io/coins

[iii] https://etherscan.io/tokens?p=10

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Adel ▲ Opinion ▲ 13 ▲ Architecting Crypto Financial Instruments

By: Gabriel Dusil, co-Founder & General Manager, Adel Ecosystem Ltd., & John McLeod, Founder, JEA Associates Ltd.

Paving the Way for Crypto Financial Instruments.PNG

Since Blockchain technology entered the mainstream consciousness, its potential in traditional financial services and ability to disrupt existing industries has been widely discussed. Areas such as retail, trade, logistics and syndicated loans remain incredibly convoluted with many phases of verification and confirmations before transactions are completed. Blockchain tech can streamline these processes and bring similar value to what the internet did for the information age.

Less understood is blockchain’s potential in cryptocurrency transactions. By definition, their deployment is less evolved when compared to their regulated counterparts. Executing trades, hedging currency swaps, binary options, and posting contracts are more established with fiat services.

Peer-to-peer Decentralized Cryptocurrency eXchange (DCX) allow peers to hedge, speculate or trade different cryptocurrencies based financial instruments such as Spot, Swap, Forward, and Loans. DCX’s are typically based on Ethereum smart contracts, where trading parties agree on all parameters without the need for third-party remediation. Smart contracts aim to provide additional security to traditional contract engagements and reduce transaction costs.

As a crypto trading platform, DCX’s will evolve in step with rapid changes in the blockchain industry; its initial phase will offer a Crypto Spot financial instrument, meaning cryptocurrencies that are traded on-the-spot. The spot exchange rate is the price to exchange one currency for another for immediate delivery, representing the price buyers pay in one cryptocurrency to purchase a second one. The spot exchange rate is for delivery on the earliest value date. The aim is to complete this process in near real-time, revolutionizing the standard settlement offered by traditional banks, which can frustratingly take several days.

Forward contracts are another service DCX’s aim to disrupt. This instrument is when two parties buy or sell an asset at a specified price on a future date. A crypto forward can be used for hedging or speculation; however, its non-standardized nature makes it particularly appropriate for hedging. Unlike standard futures contracts, this one can be customized to any commodity, value and delivery date.

This new and relatively unexplored area of digital currency swaps is an area of crypto finance that DXC’s aims to address. Traditionally, foreign exchange swaps take place when bankers agree on a certain price for the currency to be exchanged. Crypto Swaps allows for digital currencies to be used to fund charges designated in another cryptocurrency, without acquiring foreign exchange risk, allowing companies to manage various digital currencies more efficiently. In addition, these instruments enable traders to sell a contract to option holders that give them the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a cryptocurrency at an agreed-upon price, during a certain time period. Crypto smart contracts enable traders to agree on when to buy and sell digital assets, currencies, and holdings when set parameters have been reached.

The impact of blockchain on traditional financial services will be huge. A recent report by Accenture1 cited that eight of the world’s largest banks could potentially save 8 billion US$ on a cost-base of 30 billion US$[i], by improved centralize finance reporting, savings on compliance, operational costs, and business operations. This costs saving doesn’t even take into account improved service times, stronger capital bases and greater accessibility for opportunities in unbanked areas of the world.

Services such as Adel’s iFin (www.adel.io) aims to evolve crypto trading beyond banks that are rooted in legacy supply chains and physical infrastructure. DCX’s have the potential to be the digital interface where anyone, irrespective of their geolocation and experience, can log in, execute trades, and agree on smart contracts that suit their individual needs. By doing this, DCX empower people to build their portfolio, without expensive intermediaries and weighed infrastructure inefficiencies. Crypto has exposed a market gap of users wanting unabated access to an interoperable cross-blockchain platform, enabling an ecosystem of users anywhere in the world to interact and trade, free from brick and mortar intermediaries. Its potential applications are limitless.

[i] Banking on Blockchain, a value analysis for investment banks: https://www.accenture.com/t20170120T074124Z__w__/us-en/_acnmedia/Accenture/Conversion-Assets/DotCom/Documents/Global/PDF/Consulting/Accenture-Banking-on-Blockchain.pdf#zoom=50

More Articles

Check out other articles:

▲ Blockchain Will Transform Retail Lending

▲ The Next Evolution in Crypto Trading

▲ Paving the Way for Crypto Financial Instruments

About the Authors

Gabriel Dusil, co-Founder & General Manager, Adel

John McLeod, Public Relations, Adel

  • John has spent nearly a decade working for a number of leading public relations firms in London, focusing primarily on PR management in the financial services sector. John’s expertise includes blockchain technology and the evolution of cryptocurrencies in financial services. That’s why he recently founded his own consulting firm, JEA Associates Ltd., which is specifically positioned to communicate the value proposition of this burgeoning technology. John has spent the past year successfully executing campaigns for a digital currency consultancy, decentralized financial solutions, and online payments platforms.
  • LinkedInhttps://uk.linkedin.com/in/john-mcleod-a323799

Adel ▲ Conference ▲ Borderless Citizens™ in the 21st Century ▲ Berlin

“The Bitcoin and Blockchain conference held in Berlin was Adel’s forth time presenting for Smile Expo throughout 2017 and 2018. We are continually impressed by Smile Expo’s event management and production. Their real-time posts on social media, after each presentation, is a great touch. Smile Expo is a pleasure to work with, and we look forward to continued cooperation and delivering quality content to Smile Expo’s attendees.”

Gabriel Dusil, co-founder & board member, Adel

Abstract

▲ Adel’s co-founder explores the creation of virtual communities fueling by blockchain innovation. The presentation explores the evolution of the Virtual State™ and the Borderless Citizen™. Thanks to the Internet, and blockchain technology, the world is waking up to a political, economic, social and technological renaissance. The next two decades will be a fundamental shift in human interaction, sharing, and freedom. All aspects of vertical and horizontal markets will be affected, including Finance & Banking, Healthcare, eGovernment, Communications, Information Technology (IT) and the Internet of things (IoT). Adel’s General Manager will analyze this paradigm shift in social behavior and present a vision for the future.

Presentation

▲ Here is the video of our presentation:

▲ Here is the presentation on SlideShare:

▲ Here are the native powerpoint slides:

 

More Conferences

Check out our other Adel Ecosystem conferences:

▲ Innovation in Banking

▲ Bitcoin & Blockchain Conference ▲ Prague

▲ Living the Blockchain Revolution ▲ Warsaw

▲ Startup Incubation with Blockchain Communities ▲ Stockholm

▲ Startup Incubation with Blockchain Communities ▲ London

▲ A Community Incubator for Blockchain Innovation ▲ e.conomia

▲ MultiStakeholder Governance for the Crypto Generation ▲ Gdansk

▲ Will Pandemic Protocols Establish a Utopian Economy? ▲ Helsinki

Gabriel Dusil ▲ Video CV

▲ Hello, my name is Lucas “BhoPee” Dusil. I am 13 years old. I produced and edited my dad’s video CV. In this post I’d like to breakdown the production, process, and overall creativity behind this project.

 Happy  50th  Birthday  Daddy ♥

Video CV

Production

▲ My dad requested a 60 to 90-second video CV with smooth text animation to highlight his skill set. As you may see in the video below, I also found a fitting piano melody to suit the theme we were targetting.

Intro

▲ The video fades in the melody and begins with some dramatic text animations starting with GabrielDusil.com. I asked my dad to record his bio, so that we could use it in the background. I then created some cool transition effects between the clips. – if you want to know more about the effects visit my blog, where I talk about this more in-depth.

Body

▲ My first challenge here was to make this video look really cool, utilizing the music in the background. I wanted the beat of the music to be seamlessly synced with the scene transitions. Since I choose to use a song with a dramatic beat, it is important to use that as an advantage, so that the video is more captivating. Also, I wanted to ensure that the speaking volume is at the right level against the music backdrop when it needs to be the main focus.

▲ When the music “drops” and the dramatic part of the song begins,  it was very important to ensure that this part of the video is not distracted by other elements – At this point I wanted the audience to focus on the visual part, as we lead into the final scenes of the CV video.

Outro

▲ The ending was a challenge because we wanted to finish with impact. My dad and I discussed the best approach, and feel for the ending – both from an audio and visual perspective.

Software

▲ For this project, I used: Adobe Premiere Pro CC and Adobe After Effects CC. Also for some audio adjustments, I used Adobe Audacity CC.

Lucas Dusil

▲ I also go by my alias BhoPee  on various social media. I am a photography and cinematography enthusiast and enjoy video editing. Some of my hobbies include speedcubing,  gaming, and producing vlogs for my YouTube channel.

▲ If you would like to hire me for any video editing. Email me here: bhopee21@gmail.com

▲ Check out my social media sites here:

▲ My blog

Gabriel Dusil

Gabriel is a seasoned sales and marketing expert with over 25 years in senior positions at Motorola, VeriSign (acquired by Symantec in 2010 for 1.250 billion US$), and SecureWorks (acquired by Dell in 2011 for 612 million US$), and Cognitive Security (acquired by Cisco in 2013 for 25 million US$). He is a blockchain entrepreneur, with strengths in international business strategy. Gabriel has a bachelor’s degree in Engineering Physics from McMaster University in Canada and expert knowledge in blockchain incubation, cloud computing, IT security, and video streaming, and Over the Top Content (OTT). Gabriel also runs his own company, Euro Tech Startups s.r.o., and manages a professional blog at https://dusil.com.


Adel ▲ Opinion ▲ 12 ▲ Crypto Trading for Everyone

Crypto Trading for Everyone.PNG

By: Gabriel Dusil, co-Founder & General Manager, Adel Ecosystem Ltd.
John McLeod, Founder, JEA Associates Ltd.

For centuries, the exchanges of London, New York, Frankfurt and Tokyo have dominated the buying and selling of equities, commodities and other asset classes. Although technology has improved over the years and people can engage with these markets from the comfort of their own home, the core premise of a centralised exchange has remained the same. The dawn of Blockchain has the potential to radically disrupt the way traditional exchanges operate and the way in which clearing services carry out their functions. The ‘Distributed Ownership’ nature of blockchain could be transformative through the effective use of distributed ledgers.

Crypto Trading for Everyone 2.PNG

Given cryptocurrencies didn’t even exist a decade ago (unlike their traditional fiat exchanges which have operated for more than 200 years), existing exchanges are less evolved and unable to execute in heavy trading conditions, compared to more established equities. Brownouts and service blackouts are a reflection of the immaturity in crypto markets. Many exchanges experience service disruptions because they haven’t create an ideal load balancing architecture or high availability contingencies.

Despite these initial discrepancies, the design of Decentralised Cryptocurrency Exchanges (DCX) could provide insight into the future of equity trading and how people engage with markets and claim ownership of their assets. As it stands today, centralised exchanges are governed by laws and regulations in the countries where they are registered. Participants have to abide by a set of rules that may forsake the control of their assets, use of private data, or even risk devastating security breaches. It’s no coincidence that crypto liberalists avoid centralised platforms when building blockchain infrastructures.

Decentralised platforms, on the other hand, are still at the starting gate, in terms of development maturity. Regardless, they have the foundations to be adaptable and scale well, due to their inherent distributed architecture. Instead of having the oversight of national governments and regulatory bodies, they are governed by communities, and can adapt to exceed the resilience of the most advanced centralised platforms. By definition, this technology isn’t hardened from an IT or security perspective, compared to mainstream exchanges. For example, Nasdaq can process one million transactions per second (tps), where most crypto exchanges struggle to process up to 100,000 tps- however DCXs offer a viable alternative that enables tradable assets without the vulnerabilities of centralized control.

There are those who argue that introducing middle-men into the crypto supply-chain would help to facilitate widespread adoption. But crypto liberalists prefer to eliminate their function , even if they serve to increase ease-of-use, stability, reliability and other features that may not be easily accessible in their absence. Exchange services, for example, can be viewed as a classic middle-man service, directly in conflict with this core ideology. These intermediary services inevitably become the catalyst to global adoption where cryptocurrency trading needs to reach mass-market potential. Furthermore, decentralized exchanges can be accessible to anyone in the world. Challenges however, remain in the areas of market volatility, regulatory compliance, and security best practices before this can take place.

There are also legal issues, as investors suffer when an exchange is shut down due to non-compliance. The issue here is the single point of failure when centralized services store large sums of wealth, and sensitive information. Until relevant legal structures and safeguards are created, mainstream consumers will hesitate to trust the Blockchain as a repository for their money. Then there is looming threat of protecting personal wealth from hackers, phishing attacks, malware, and zero-day attacks, adding further Fear Uncertainty and Doubt (FUD).

In many ways the discussion regarding regulatory oversight and protective legal controls cuts to the core of the Blockchain debate. Crypto libertarians dream of a world free from big brother, and are willing to accept the risks that come with that. Will there be a balanced equilibrium of regulations that protect consumers in the wild-west of virtual currencies? Will governments allow their central banks be sidelined as virtual currencies grow from infancy to maturity?

The relationship between free markets and collective responsibility has been one of the driving economic and political forces in history. The advent of Blockchain technology has contributed yet another dimension. The impact of decentralised services on existing financial systems and regulatory oversight remains to be seen. In the meantime, stakeholders have never had a greater opportunity to take ownership of their financial future, even if that path remains volatile.

More Articles

Check out other articles:

▲ Blockchain Will Transform Retail Lending

▲ The Next Evolution in Crypto Trading

▲ Paving the Way for Crypto Financial Instruments

About the Authors

Gabriel Dusil, co-Founder & General Manager, Adel

John McLeod, Public Relations, Adel

  • John has spent nearly a decade working for a number of leading public relations firms in London, focusing primarily on PR management in the financial services sector. John’s expertise includes blockchain technology and the evolution of cryptocurrencies in financial services. That’s why he recently founded his own consulting firm, JEA Associates Ltd., which is specifically positioned to communicate the value proposition of this burgeoning technology. John has spent the past year successfully executing campaigns for a digital currency consultancy, decentralized financial solutions, and online payments platforms.
  • LinkedInhttps://uk.linkedin.com/in/john-mcleod-a323799

Adel ▲ Conference ▲ Will Pandemic Protocols Establish a Utopian Economy? ▲ Helsinki

18_May_25_Helsinki_Bitcoin_Blockchain_Conference_thumbnail.jpg

“It was a pleasure to speak at Smile Expo’s Bitcoin & Blockchain Conference in Helsinki. Having attended several of their events in 2018, we found the quality of speakers improving with each conference. Great job, team! We were honored to speak to the Finnish delegates on Adel’s future vision of the crypto sphere and promoting blockchain to mainstream use. Check out our Smile Expo presentations at https://www.adelphoi.io/videos/conferences.”

Gabriel Dusil, co-founder & board member, Adel

Abstract

▲ Blockchain services undermine traditional forms of governance because it’s decentralised and its users are typically anonymous. This assumes impunity from government and central banks. In crypto the collective consensus of coders, miners, and anonymous actors are micro components of a growing ecosystem. To date this crypto sphere has been relatively left untouched by the authorities of the “real-world”. This raises real questions about how crypto’s services should be managed. Techno-Libertarians envision utopian self-regulation, with codified rules that evolve with the technology. Crypto-anarchists envision a free-rule zone for blockchain businesses and unconstrained virtual currency commerce. Anyone who denies these programmatic rules essentially forfeit their right to participate in this space.

Adel’s co-founder explores the creation of the Borderless Citizen™, fueled by blockchain innovation and the underlying cryptoversification evolution of the Virtual State™.

Presentation

▲ Here is the video of our presentation:

More Conferences

Check out our other Adel Ecosystem conferences:

▲ Innovation in Banking

▲ Bitcoin & Blockchain Conference ▲ Prague

▲ Living the Blockchain Revolution ▲ Warsaw

▲ Startup Incubation with Blockchain Communities ▲ Stockholm

▲ Startup Incubation with Blockchain Communities ▲ London

▲ A Community Incubator for Blockchain Innovation ▲ e.conomia

▲ MultiStakeholder Governance for the Crypto Generation ▲ Gdansk

Adel ▲ Conference ▲ MultiStakeholder Governance for the Crypto Generation ▲ Gdansk

18_Apr_13_Gdansk_Multi_Stakeholder_Governance_for_the_Crypto_Generation_thumbnail.jpg

This was a great crypto event in the northern coast of Poland. The conference was held in the factory where the original German U-Boats were manufactured, during the second world war.  Adwell Media did a great job on the production of this event, and we were excited to get onto the evening news that week.

Gabriel Dusil, co-founder & board member, Adel

Adel on the Evening News ▲ TVP3 Poland

Adel has been featured on the Polish evening news! Polish channel TVP3 covered the blockchain conference in Gdansk as well as bitcoin & other cryptocurrencies. Although the broadcast is in Polish, their footage shows our presentation and logo shown multiple times, in the background:

Click here to watch the evening news coverage of Blockyard, featuring Adel

Abstract

▲ Adel’s co-founder explores the creation of virtual communities fueling by blockchain innovation. The presentation explores the evolution of the Virtual State™ and the Borderless Citizen™.

Thanks to the Internet, and blockchain technology, the world is waking up to a political, economic, social and technological renaissance. The next two decades will be a fundamental shift in human interaction, sharing, and freedom. All aspects of vertical and horizontal markets will be affected, including Finance & Banking, Healthcare, eGovernment, Communications, Information Technology (IT) and the Internet of things (IoT). Adel’s General Manager will analyze this paradigm shift in social behavior and present a vision for the future.

Presentation

▲ Here is the video of our presentation:

▲ Here is the presentation on SlideShare:

▲ Here are the native powerpoint slides:

18.Apr.13 – Gdansk · Multi-Stakeholder Governance for the Crypto Generation (Gabriel Dusil, v6.9).pptx

More Conferences

Check out our other Adel Ecosystem conferences:

▲ Innovation in Banking

▲ Bitcoin & Blockchain Conference ▲ Prague

▲ Living the Blockchain Revolution ▲ Warsaw

▲ Startup Incubation with Blockchain Communities ▲ Stockholm

▲ Startup Incubation with Blockchain Communities ▲ London

▲ A Community Incubator for Blockchain Innovation ▲ e.conomia

Adel ▲ Opinion ▲ 11 ▲ The Next Evolution in Crypto Trading

The Next Evolution in Crypto Trading.PNG

By: Gabriel Dusil, co-Founder & General Manager, Adel Ecosystem Ltd.
Jessica Zartler, Director of Marketing & Communications, Adel Ecosystem Ltd.

In the revolution of emerging blockchain technologies, shifting from legacy models and habits to embrace this paradigm shift, occurs in iterations. Arguably, the most significant aspect of blockchain is decentralization, which allows for programmable trust, distributed ownership, and removes the necessity for third-party arbitration.

Money is flooding into cryptocurrency, seen by a market cap increase from 18 billion US$ to more than 600 billion US$ just in 2017. That is a 240 fold increase. With 99 percent of transactions still residing in centralized exchanges (Coinmarketcap.com), the shift to fully decentralized platforms is just on the horizon. Several major catalysts are contributing to the move to decentralized cryptocurrency exchanges, also known as DEXs.

DEXs are superior in security and provide instant account creation. However, in their current state of development, they lack liquidity and their user experience and user interface (UX/UI) are still immature compared to their centralized counterparts. Generally speaking, the more liquid the market, the less volatility and price manipulation, making DEXs vulnerable at this stage. At the moment, investors are still walking a thin tightrope between friction and fluidity, causing growing pains before mass market adoption.

The Next Evolution in Crypto Trading 2.PNG

To understand the importance of this shift and what it means, we should understand how centralization affects the investment ecosystem, and explore the development steps needed for DEXs to reach their full potential. Centralized exchanges are platforms that allow investors and traders to buy, sell and exchange cryptocurrency against fiat or other crypto assets. Traders deposit funds and the exchange issues an IOU that is freely tradeable on their platform. When a trader wants to withdraw funds, the IOUs are converted back to currency and returned to the trader.

Centralized exchanges are an on-ramp for people with fiat currency (i.e. dollars, euros, yen or otherwise) to purchase cryptocurrency. While these exchanges allow movement from fiat to crypto, they are a prime target for hackers, and have been taken for billions of dollars. Exchanges which follow regulatory guidelines have lengthy registration processes which further hinders investment speed. They also have service lags (brownouts or blackouts), and may be susceptible to government shutdowns.

DEXs shift investments from a centralized third party, to peer-to-peer transactions, through proxy tokens or assets or a multi-signature escrow system, among other solutions being developed. This allows investors to remain sole custodians of their funds rather than relinquish their private keys (the passwords used to secure their accounts) to centralized exchanges. DEX benefits include instantaneous account creation, elevated privacy, and decentralized server resilience, ensuring that the infrastructure cannot be shutdown.

If DEXs are the next evolution, why only a one percent market adoption? To begin with, the DEX concept is brand new. As centralized exchanges proceed through their own market maturity lifecycle, decentralized services are only at the starting gate. Because DEXs are blockchain driven, account control resides solely in the hands of the trader. If they lose their private key, or make a mistake when entering a buy or sell order, then there is no recourse – liability resides exclusively with the account holder, and there can be no finger-pointing. In addition:

  • Margin lending and other more advanced trading options are not yet available on DEXs.
  • There is a chicken-egg effect at play, resulting in low liquidity. Since transactions happen on the blockchain itself, there may be issues of scaling pressure if the connected blockchains have not been architected well.
  • Miners can see the blockchain transactions before they are cleared, resulting in front-running risk and market manipulation.
  • Fiat to crypto trading in DEXs will require the cooperation of banks which introduces a new centralized point of failure.

The list of challenges for DEX developers is long, however, they are making quick progress. Developing user-friendly interfaces (UX/UI) continues. Issues like liquidity, scalability and front-running are being solved with new technology models such as relayers, off-chain transactions, hardware-wallets, as well as using a hybrid of centralized and decentralized exchanges to pool liquidity.

Although development is happening at lightning speed, trading performance highlights o a huge gap in the market. While NASDAQ processes one million transactions per second, centralized crypto exchanges average just ten thousand per second. If development is any indicator of velocity, crypto exchanges estimate a ten-fold improvement in the next 12 months.

Progress continues and the momentum is starting to shift in the direction of DEXs, the next evolution of cryptocurrency investment. Those who can iterate the quickest, will unleash full speed liquidity and capitalize on the decentralized nature of blockchains.

More Articles

Check out other articles:

▲ Blockchain Will Transform Retail Lending

▲ The Next Evolution in Crypto Trading

▲ Crypto Trading for Everyone

About the Authors

Gabriel Dusil, co-Founder & General Manager, Adel

Jessica Zartler, Crypto Marketing

  • Jessica is an award-winning multimedia journalist, content strategy expert and digital marketing consultant with more than ten years of experience. Her work has appeared on several platforms including Forbes, The Associated Press, The Wall Street Journal, MSNBC, Fast Company and Entrepreneur. Fascinated by the burgeoning blockchain space, she loves to contribute to educational communication about the potential of this new technology for revolution, and the incentivization of fair, inclusive, and environmentally conscious business practices.
  • LinkedInhttps://www.linkedin.com/in/jessicazartler/