Adel ▲ Opinion ▲ 20 ▲ Borderless Citizens™ in the 21st Century ▲ State Enforcement

Abstract

Thanks to the Internet and more recently, blockchain technology, the world is waking up to a political, economic, social and technological renaissance. The next two decades will result in a fundamental shift in human interaction, sharing, and freedom. All aspects of vertical and horizontal markets will be affected, including Finance & Banking, Healthcare, eGovernment, Communications, Information Technology (IT) and the Internet of things (IoT).

This series is presented in three parts and will analyze society’s paradigm shift in behavior and present a vision for the future. In this first part, the creation of virtual communities is explored, fueled by blockchain innovation and explores the evolution of the crypto sphere.

State Enforcement

With the proliferation of Pandemic Protocols, what is the recourse for states to enforce their laws? Can actors in these spheres be subjected to controls, restrictions or shutdowns dictated by a state authority? In other words, how can a state enforce its laws in cyber? This is a very complicated issue in view of the borderless phenomena contravening traditional world order. Enforcement has been traditionally based on the juxtaposition of sovereign State territories. In cyber, there is no juxtaposition because there are no borders.

In the persisting absence of unified global rules, the courts are witnessing ongoing chaos where States wildly apply their territorial, personal and extraterritorial jurisdictions to subject the actions of perpetrators to their laws. This leads to diverse conflicts of laws between States. In legal proceedings, the reality is much more complex and continues to be challenged by various states and institutions. In an attempt to simplify, there are the three main considerations used by the States to target perpetrators in cyberspace:

  • Infrastructure States can enforce their authority when information technology and communication equipment reside in their country. This could mean complete shutdown, confiscation, or subpoena of equipment. In some countries, this means nation-wide censorship or other controls.
  • Corporations States have recourse against corporations or other legally registered in their jurisdiction.
  • Individuals Lawsuits may target citizens, whether they are resident in the country, or aboard, it could lead to extradition or deportation for legal proceedings.

State vs. Crypto

State control in crypto continues to be overwhelming. To disseminate this challenge let’s begin with a definition of a Sovereign state. According to Wikipedia[i], Sovereign states can be defined as:

  • A defined territory
  • Having a permanent population
  • The capacity to enter relations with other states, and
  • Consisting of an effective government.

In cyberspace, the notion of sovereignty is more abstract. In the era of Pandemic Protocols, state enforcement presents significant challenges to lawmakers because:

  • There is no defined territory. The entire infrastructure in the cybersphere is virtual.
  • Within cyberspace, blockchain has created a new virtual layer called the crypto sphere. Within this space, actors can behave with impunity under the guise of anonymity. Despite the potential for privacy, this capability has also sparked new forms of fraud that have been orders of magnitude higher than in the real world. Anonymity has led to abuse, misappropriation, and a complete disregard for
  • The parallel to a state’s international relations is blockchain’s communities. They maintain their virtual debate and commentary on public forums such as Reddit[ii] or social networks such as Slack[iii] and Telegram[iv].
  • Governance is the most controversial in cyber; Techno-libertarians advocate minimizing the oversight of central control whereby Cyber-anarchists want complete removal of government oversight. This leads to the assumption that blockchain achieves self-governance through programmatic means – or “code-based governance”. In other words, the underlying programming code is designed to eliminate the need for human intervention. Crypto popularized this approach by implementing programmatic rules to completely govern the system. With Bitcoin Nakamoto solved the double-spending[v] dilemma and this has since evolved into Smart Contract[vi] Code-based
    governance has not been a silver-bullet[vii] in solving crypto fraud. In the following sections, we explain why.

Terms

Before proceeding further, it’s worth defining several poignant terms integral to this discussion:

  • Blockchain ideologist is often associated with Techno-libertarians and Cyber-anarchists in the context of freedom and autonomy. They represent a strong undercurrent that resists centralized control, big brother surveillance, and authoritarian enforcement. Techno-libertarians and Cyber-anarchists may be split on whether crypto has a utopian or dystopian destiny. In the meantime, the-powers-that-be view cryptocurrency as a foe and blockchain as a friend. For this reason, there is a broader movement to support blockchain as a viable evolution to global information sharing.
  • Meanwhile, Governance and Sovereign State control bring a sour taste to those who resist central control. The cyber movement advocates self-governance and self-sustaining ecosystems. While this plays out, states are trying to appropriate their control. To Cyber-anarchists this is like a bully entering a playground. But the playground is full of geeks, and they are no longer afraid of the bully.
  • To cope with the bureaucracy of the real-world, Geeks are motivated to create an entirely new playground and flip the power hierarchy of society on its head. When it comes to virtual currencies maybe it is true that “the geeks have inherited the world”[viii].

“What may be tolerated today,
may become illegal in the future.”

▲ Down the Crypto Rabbit Hole

If you liked this article and would like to read all of them in this series, then please click on the links below:

▲ 17 ▲ Introduction

▲ 18 ▲ Defining Borders

▲ 19 ▲ Pandemic Protocols

▲ 20 ▲ State Enforcement

▲ 21 ▲ What’s Next

▲ 22 ▲ Code Governance, But

▲ 23 ▲ System Essentials

▲ 24 ▲ MultiStakeholders in Crypto

▲ 25 ▲ Cyber Principles

▲ 26 ▲ Borderless Citizen™

▲ 27 ▲ Virtual State™

This series has also been published on Altcoin Magazine, in three parts:

▲ Borderless Citizens™ in the 21st Century

▲ What is Driving Crypto and the Creation of the Virtual State™?

▲ Will Pandemic Protocols Establish a Utopian Economy?

▲ Adel ▲ Opinions

If you liked this article and would like to read more in the series, then check them out here:

▲ 1 ▲ The Right Path to Funding Decentralized Organizations

▲ 2 ▲ The Next Evolution in Funding Innovation

▲ 3 ▲ A Philosophy for Blockchain Integrity

▲ 4 ▲ A Collaborative Blockchain Incubator

▲ 5 ▲ Blockchain Diversity & Passion

▲ 6 ▲ Blockchain Startup Expertise

▲ 7 ▲ Blockchain Portfolio Diversification

▲ 8 ▲ Blockchain Incubation to Employment

▲ 9 ▲ From Blockchain Innovation to Execution

▲ 10 ▲ Blockchain Will Transform Retail Lending

▲ 11 ▲ The Next Evolution in Crypto Trading

▲ 12 ▲ Crypto Trading for Everyone

▲ 13 ▲ Architecting Crypto Financial Instruments

▲ 14 ▲ Crypto, For the People, By the People

▲ 15 ▲ The Crypto Uprising

▲ 16 ▲ Blockchain’s Disruption in 2020 & Beyond

About the Author

Gabriel is the co-Founder and General Manager at Adel Ecosystem Ltd. He is a seasoned sales and marketing expert with over 25 years in senior positions at Motorola, VeriSign (acquired by Symantec in 2010), and SecureWorks (acquired by Dell in 2011), and Cognitive Security (acquired by Cisco in 2013). He is a blockchain entrepreneur, with strengths in international business strategy. Gabriel has a bachelor’s degree in Engineering Physics from McMaster University in Canada and expert knowledge in blockchain incubation, cloud computing, IT security, and video streaming, and Over the Top Content (OTT). Gabriel also runs his own company, Euro Tech Startups s.r.o, creator of MyKoddi, and manages a professional blog.

Adel ▲ Publications ▲ Press

Welcome to our Publications post.

You’ll find a summary of articles, interviews, and features where we provided our expertise in the crypto and blockchain sphere. Enjoy!

 

Will Pandemic Protocols Establish a Utopian Economy? ▲ Altcoin Magazine

The evolution of crypto can be analyzed from the essential components of design, development, and deployment. For modern systems to function, they require a combination of people, process and technology. These elements also set the foundations of modern innovation.

 

 

What is Driving Crypto and the Creation of the Virtual State™? ▲ Altcoin Magazine

Crypto-anarchists envision a free-rule zone for autonomous businesses and unconstrained virtual currencies. Anyone who denies these programmatic rules essentially forfeits their right to participate. In this second article, the crypto power hierarchy will be defined as a basis for understanding its governance in contrast to the real world.

 

Borderless Citizens™ in the 21st Century ▲ Altcoin Magazine

This series is presented in three parts and will analyze society’s paradigm shift in behavior and present a vision for the future. In this first article, the creation of virtual communities is explored, fueled by blockchain innovation and explores the evolution of the crypto sphere.

 

Too Soon for ‘To the Moon’: What the BTC Rally Really Means ▲ financemagnates.com

A number of different factors have contributed to Bitcoin’s recent price run. Is the rally here to stay? Cryptocurrency markets took an unexpected turn for the better last week with an unexpected surge in prices across the board.

 

2019 Predictions: Smart contracts will take off in insurance ▲ cirmagazine.com

As we mark the ten year anniversary of Bitcoin’s launch, there’s no shortage of news and speculation related to the digital currency’s value and potential applications. Articles related to blockchain overwhelming concentrate on an infrastructure underpinning digital currencies used for speculative investments. The reality is far more complex.

 

GlobalCoin Could Replace Tether, Disrupt Payments Industry ▲ financemagnates.com

Facebook’s crypto project has received mixed reviews–but the project could be a good thing for the crypto ecosystem. Facebook’s enigmatic blockchain project has become a little less mysterious; little by little, details about the project are coming into public view.

 

Adel Invigorates Ethical Communities in Cryptocurrency ▲ HostingAdvice.com

By combining the best of blockchain technology with business incubation, Adelbrings a community-based approach to discovering, evaluating, and building forward-thinking companies. Cryptocurrency replaces the more traditional venture capital funding, enabling organizations to methodically scale without losing the energy of a disconnected ownership group

 

New digital wallet could contain the solution for online payments security ▲ Euromoney.com

Data security company Krypti claims the microtoken exchange security system used in its new digital wallet for storing bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies offers the most sophisticated protection against hackers on the market.

 

 

Blockchain plus ▲ e-forex.net

Adel is a technology incubator for blockchain innovation. Not unusual these days, but there’s a twist. Adel’s approach seems to be pulling in the FX industry. “A majority of registered users in our ecosystem are FX and crypto traders,” says Gabriel Dusil, general manager and co-founder, Adel. William Essex went to talk to him.

 

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▲ The Crypto Uprising ▲ BlockTribune

The blockchain is the underlying technology behind all cryptocurrency. In its simplest form, it is a marketplace for digital payments and asset exchange. Rather than a central authority, a database of transactions is managed by a Peer-to-Peer (P2P) network.

 

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▲ Adel Featured in Forbes▲ Czech Alliance

The Blockchain Connect Association, a newly established Czech Alliance formed in the spring of 2018 with partners including IBM, PwC and a Prague-based fintech incubator for start-ups, has revealed plans to contribute to the development of blockchain technologies in the “economic and public spheres” within the Czech Republic.

 

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Architecting Crypto Financial Instruments

▲ Architecting DCX ▲ Global Banking & Finance Review

Areas such as retail, trade, logistics and syndicated loans remain incredibly convoluted with many phases of verification and confirmations before transactions are completed. Blockchain tech can streamline these processes and bring similar value to what the internet did for the information age.

 

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▲ Adel in the Press ▲ Irish Tech News

Mankind has been shaped by borders, whether physical, geographical, technological or financial. Societies have found ways to structure themselves into coherent and ordered blocks. Over the last few centuries empires have risen and fallen, wars have been waged and physical borders have moved.

▲ Fintech Futures ▲ Adel Opinions

One of the great surprises of the blockchain revolution is that banks continue to occupy a near monopolistic position within financial services, despite their obvious and much publicised inadequacies.

 

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 crypto trading

▲ Dusil on DCX ▲ What Investment

For centuries, the exchanges of London, New York, Frankfurt and Tokyo have dominated the buying and selling of equities, commodities and other asset classes. Although technology has improved over the years and people can engage with these markets from the comfort of their own home, the core premise of a centralised exchange has remained the same.

 

 

 

▲ Evolution in Crypto by Gabriel Dusil ▲ Decentralised Exchanges

In the revolution of emerging blockchain technologies, shifting from legacy models and habits to embrace this paradigm shift, occurs in iterations. Arguably, the most significant aspect of blockchain is decentralisation, which allows for programmable trust, distributed ownership, and removes the necessity for third party arbitration.

 

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O kryptowalutach na konferencji w Gdańsku

▲ Adel on the Evening News ▲ TVP3 Poland

Adel has been featured on the Polish evening news! Polish channel TVP3 covered the blockchain conference in Gdansk as well as bitcoin & other cryptocurrencies. Although the broadcast is in Polish, their footage shows Adel’s co-founder Gabriel Dusil presenting with the Adel logo in the background, shown multiple times.

 

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▲ Gabriel Dusil mentioned in Euromoney ▲ G20 Ministers

Finance ministers and central bankers at the G20 have called for greater global coordination in their approach to cryptocurrencies, but that looks a remote prospect when different regulatory bodies in the same country cannot agree a strategy.

 

 

 

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▲ Euromoney Interviews Adel Co-Founder Gabriel Dusil on Bitcoin Gold

Cryptocurrency architects have unveiled Bitcoin Gold, a new currency based on the bitcoin network set to begin trading in December, which attempts to resolve what some see as the excessive influence miners have on the bitcoin network.

 

 

 

▲ Blockchain Tech Incubator Firm Could Spark Jobs

A technology business using cutting edge blockchain technology could ultimately help to bring jobs to the island, it has been claimed.

 

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How to Pull Bitcoin out of Darknet Stigma: Blockchain Startup Expertise

▲ “How to Pull Bitcoin out of Darknet Stigma: Blockchain Startup Expertise”

With most new technologies, it’s rare that mainstream investors dive in and take risks with the unfamiliar and untested. Organized crime, on the other hand, will invest in cutting-edge technologies to drive their initiatives, just like any legitimate business.

 

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How Digital Currencies Help Create Real-World Solutions, Explained

▲ How Digital Currencies Help Create Real-World Solutions, Explained

The Blockchain is a distributed public ledger of all transactions that have ever been sent with Bitcoin. In fact, Bitcoin itself is nothing more than just records on this ledger, by tracing the history of each single coin in the network since its creation and to the latest owner, any user can tell who owns Bitcoins, and how many.

 

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Adel - Why Fintech Incubator Launches ICO

▲ Adel ▲ Why Fintech Incubator Launches ICO

Adel, a global cryptocurrency, community-based project funded platform, is aiming to create a decentralized and self-sustaining macroeconomic ecosystem for Blockchain innovation.

 

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ICO Report: Adel

▲ ICO Report ▲ Adel

ICOs are a new paradigm of fundraising, in use with many young Blockchain-based startups. During one, the company in question releases a cryptocurrency token and sells a part of the total supply to its intended audience.

 

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▲ Adel Co-Founder ▲ “Blockchain is a foreign concept for VCs”

Traditional venture capitalists don’t understand blockchain, according to Adel Co-Founder Gabriel Dusil. In an interview with IBS Intelligence, he cited the lack of familiarisation with the technology as a reason why blockchain startups struggle to achieve funding.

 

Fintech Finance

▲ Creating Value with Cryptocurrency: White Paper

This white paper outlines Adel’s advantages from three vantage points: a) Blockchain technology, b) the Nxt (and soon, Ardor) platforms on which Adel is built, and c) additional business processes Adel has introduced into its ecosystem to provide effective, community-based development and funding.

 

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▲ In Nxter, Venture Beat, Fintech Finance, and more…

 

logo-adel-v3-4-adel-horizontal-dark-text

▲ In Forbes, The Economic Times, The Paypers, and more…

 

 

Adel ▲ Opinion ▲ 19 ▲ Borderless Citizens™ in the 21st Century ▲ Pandemic Protocols

Abstract

Thanks to the Internet and more recently, blockchain technology, the world is waking up to a political, economic, social and technological renaissance. The next two decades will result in a fundamental shift in human interaction, sharing, and freedom. All aspects of vertical and horizontal markets will be affected, including Finance & Banking, Healthcare, eGovernment, Communications, Information Technology (IT) and the Internet of things (IoT).

This series is presented in three parts and will analyze society’s paradigm shift in behavior and present a vision for the future. In this first part, the creation of virtual communities is explored, fueled by blockchain innovation and explores the evolution of the crypto sphere.

Pandemic Protocols

The borderless movement may be technology-led, but not all initiatives are thanks to cyber. For example, Global Positioning System[i] (GPS) technology was deployed by the USA military in 1973 to overcome limitations of navigation systems. This network was opened to citizens in 1980 and has since been integrated into virtually every communication device. Iridium was developed by Motorola and began deployment in 1993[ii]. It was designed to provide voice and data coverage over the Earth’s entire surface. These technologies are borderless, but they are centralized in the sense that they are either state or private-owned, with restricted rights of usage and geographical limitations. Meaning, they could be shut down at any minute, leaving every GPS device or Iridium phone in the dark.

It was just a matter of time before such vulnerabilities were overcome. Throughout the 1980s the internet was conceived, notably with the adoption of TCP/IP[iii] in 1983. The Internet was different from preceding communication services, in that its foundation was to create a network that could not be brought down by an enemy force. The TCP/IP protocol was first implemented in the Advanced Research Projects Administration[iv] (ARPANET). The controversy lies in the origins of ARPANET as a means to survive a nuclear attack. Its goals were apparently much broader, in “robustness and survivability, including the capability to withstand losses of large portions of the underlying networks”[v]. In hindsight, TCP/IP may be considered the first inception of the Pandemic Protocol era; Protocols that are persistent, pervasive and omnipresent; Protocols that are incredibly resilient from the shutdown, due to their decentralized nature, even by the creators themselves.

“Iteration Overcomes Limitations of Its Predecessor.”

Welcome to Pandemic Protocols. In 1999 Peer to Peer[vi] (P2P networks) were introduced. This evolved the notion of client-server architectures with more emphasis on client-to-client communications. But the first interactions of P2P, such as Napster still involved a server. Shutting down this device at the center of the entire system meant that all nodes were disconnected for each other. This vulnerability was soon overcome by Bram Cohen in 2001, through the introduction of BitTorrent[vii]. Cohen took the resilience of P2P to a new level, by removing the vulnerability of the server. The concept of Pandemic Protocols took on new resilience because torrents were now pervasive and omnipresent. Clients could swarm to a torrent, and maintain a presence, as long as there were seeders and leeches exceeding a single copy of the content.

Today’s Pandemic Protocol trend consists of technologies that are resilient to any centralized interference, meaning they cannot be shut down without considerable effort. In fact, they are so pervasive that shutting down these protocols means a complete shutdown of the internet – which itself is pandemic.

▲ Down the Crypto Rabbit Hole

If you liked this article and would like to read all of them in this series, then please click on the links below:

▲ 17 ▲ Introduction

▲ 18 ▲ Defining Borders

▲ 19 ▲ Pandemic Protocols

▲ 20 ▲ State Enforcement

▲ 21 ▲ What’s Next

▲ 22 ▲ Code Governance, But

▲ 23 ▲ System Essentials

▲ 24 ▲ MultiStakeholders in Crypto

▲ 25 ▲ Cyber Principles

▲ 26 ▲ Borderless Citizen™

▲ 27 ▲ Virtual State™

This series has also been published on Altcoin Magazine, in three parts:

▲ Borderless Citizens™ in the 21st Century

▲ What is Driving Crypto and the Creation of the Virtual State™?

▲ Will Pandemic Protocols Establish a Utopian Economy?

▲ Adel ▲ Opinions

If you liked this article and would like to read more in the series, then check them out here:

▲ 1 ▲ The Right Path to Funding Decentralized Organizations

▲ 2 ▲ The Next Evolution in Funding Innovation

▲ 3 ▲ A Philosophy for Blockchain Integrity

▲ 4 ▲ A Collaborative Blockchain Incubator

▲ 5 ▲ Blockchain Diversity & Passion

▲ 6 ▲ Blockchain Startup Expertise

▲ 7 ▲ Blockchain Portfolio Diversification

▲ 8 ▲ Blockchain Incubation to Employment

▲ 9 ▲ From Blockchain Innovation to Execution

▲ 10 ▲ Blockchain Will Transform Retail Lending

▲ 11 ▲ The Next Evolution in Crypto Trading

▲ 12 ▲ Crypto Trading for Everyone

▲ 13 ▲ Architecting Crypto Financial Instruments

▲ 14 ▲ Crypto, For the People, By the People

▲ 15 ▲ The Crypto Uprising

▲ 16 ▲ Blockchain’s Disruption in 2020 & Beyond

About the Author

Gabriel is the co-Founder and General Manager at Adel Ecosystem Ltd. He is a seasoned sales and marketing expert with over 25 years in senior positions at Motorola, VeriSign (acquired by Symantec in 2010), and SecureWorks (acquired by Dell in 2011), and Cognitive Security (acquired by Cisco in 2013). He is a blockchain entrepreneur, with strengths in international business strategy. Gabriel has a bachelor’s degree in Engineering Physics from McMaster University in Canada and expert knowledge in blockchain incubation, cloud computing, IT security, and video streaming, and Over the Top Content (OTT). Gabriel also runs his own company, Euro Tech Startups s.r.o, creator of MyKoddi, and manages a professional blog.

References

[i] ”Global Positioning System” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_Positioning_System)

[ii] ”Iridium Satellite Constellation” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iridium_satellite_constellation)

[iii] ”Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_protocol_suite)

[iv] “ARPANET” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARPANET)

[v] Barry M. Leiner, Vinton G. Cerf, David D. Clark, Robert E. Kahn, Leonard Kleinrock, Daniel C. Lynch, Jon Postel, Larry G. Roberts, Stephen Wolff, “Brief History of the Internet” (Internet Society, 1997, https://www.internetsociety.org/internet/history-internet/brief-history-internet/#f5)

[vi] ”Peer to Peer” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peer-to-peer)

[vii] ”BitTorrent” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BitTorrent)

Euro Tech Startups ◙ Video

A Wealth of Consulting Experience in Operations, Marketing, and Sales.

If you missed the launch of our new website, check it out at EuroStartups.Tech.

We also launched our new promo video as well, which you can find on our site, or please check it out here:

If you have any questions please send us an email: info@eurostartups.tech.

 

Adel ▲ Opinion ▲ 18 ▲ Borderless Citizens™ in the 21st Century ▲ Defining Borders

Abstract

Thanks to the Internet and more recently, blockchain technology, the world is waking up to a political, economic, social and technological renaissance. The next two decades will result in a fundamental shift in human interaction, sharing, and freedom. All aspects of vertical and horizontal markets will be affected, including Finance & Banking, Healthcare, eGovernment, Communications, Information Technology (IT) and the Internet of things (IoT).

This series is presented in three parts and will analyze society’s paradigm shift in behavior and present a vision for the future. In this first part, the creation of virtual communities is explored, fueled by blockchain innovation and explores the evolution of the crypto sphere.

Defining Borders

Before exploring the evolutionary changes of cyberspace in our social fabric, let’s first understand how we got here. Let’s begin with society’s tendency to erect borders. Some borders are physical, such as land and sea, but others are less obvious. Governments establish political borders to separate enemies from their allies. They restrict the flow of people through passports, visas, and border controls. States use utilities as borders, restricting the use of gas, water, electricity, or even telecommunications.

While these borders control cross-regional competition they also restrict citizens to fewer options. Less obvious are cultural barriers such as language and religion. There are economic borders limiting the street-use of one country’s fiat currency[i] abroad. There are less tangible examples, such as left vs. right side car steering wheels[ii] and metric vs. imperial measurements[iii]. The commercial industry also chimes in with broadcast signal restrictions (PAL vs. NTSC video standards[iv]), and 120V vs. 220V electricity[v]. Some of these borders exist due to localized evolution, but it’s hard to ignore the political motivations of their origin.

Borderless

Even though society tends to erect borders, many actors want to break them down. Initiatives across multiple disciplines are driven by a goal to unify the world. It’s hard to ignore that many of these entries were established in the aftermath of World War I or II, in an effort to learn from the tragedies of our past. Regardless, the effort is ongoing:

  • In 1993 the European Union[vi] (EU) was established to unify the economic zones of member states. A global initiative has yet to be attempted.
  • The Schengen agreement[vii] came into effect in 1995 (named after the city where it was signed), allowing citizens to freely cross certain borders in Europe.
  • North American Free Trade Agreement[viii] (NAFTA, est. 1994) created a trilateral trade bloc in North America.
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization[ix] (NATO) was formed in 1949, establishing a “collective defense” to ensure the atrocities of World War I and II would not be repeated.
  • The United Nations (UN) was formed in 1945 “to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order” [x].
  • International Court of Justice[xi] (ICJ, est. 1945) settles legal disputes between member states.
  • International Monetary Fund[xii] (IMF, est. 1945) was established to facilitate international trade, sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world
  • European Space Agency[xiii] (ESA, est. 1975) consists of twenty-two-member states dedicated to the exploration of space.
  • Various cross-border humanitarian initiatives were established throughout the 20th century, such as:
  • The World Health Organization (WHO, est. 1948) mandates the “attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health”[xiv]
  • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO, est. 1945) “is charged with collecting, evaluating, and disseminating information relating to nutrition” [xv]
  • Unicef[xvi] (est. 1946) mandated by the United Nations General Assembly for the protection of children’s rights
  • The International Labour Organization (est. 1919) is “devoted to promoting social justice and internationally recognized human and labor rights”. [xvii]
  • The borderless movement is also part of international standards initiatives, such as:
  • International Telecommunication Union[xviii] (ITU, est. 1865), is one of the oldest intergovernmental organizations in the world. The ITU allocates global radio spectrum, satellite orbits and ratifies international technical standards.
  • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers[xix] (IEEE, est. 1963), directed toward the advancement of the theory and practice of electrical, electronics, communications, and computing.
  • Internet Engineering Task Force[xx] (IETF, est. 1986) defines Internet operating protocol standards.
  • General Public License[xxi] (GPL, or GNU GPL, GNU’s Not Unix! GPL, written by Richard Stallman in 1989) is intended to ensure the freedom to share and improve software for all users.
  • International Organization for Standardization[xxii] (ISO, est. 1947), with a mission to promote worldwide proprietary, industrial and commercial standards.
  • Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN[xxiii], est. 1998) is a non-profit organization with a goal to ensure a smooth functioning Internet.

Borders are integral to our lives. Technology has helped remove many of them, but some will perpetually exist, such as culture and religion. One of the main catalysts of the borderless movement has been technology and the Internet in particular. The internet brought transparency to the world, and this has led to an awareness of various social, political, and economic levels.

▲ Down the Crypto Rabbit Hole

If you liked this article and would like to read all of them in this series, then please click on the links below:

▲ 17 ▲ Introduction

▲ 18 ▲ Defining Borders

▲ 19 ▲ Pandemic Protocols

▲ 20 ▲ State Enforcement

▲ 21 ▲ What’s Next

▲ 22 ▲ Code Governance, But

▲ 23 ▲ System Essentials

▲ 24 ▲ MultiStakeholders in Crypto

▲ 25 ▲ Cyber Principles

▲ 26 ▲ Borderless Citizen™

▲ 27 ▲ Virtual State™

This series has also been published on Altcoin Magazine, in three parts:

▲ Borderless Citizens™ in the 21st Century

▲ What is Driving Crypto and the Creation of the Virtual State™?

▲ Will Pandemic Protocols Establish a Utopian Economy?

▲ Adel ▲ Opinions

If you liked this article and would like to read more in the series, then check them out here:

▲ 1 ▲ The Right Path to Funding Decentralized Organizations

▲ 2 ▲ The Next Evolution in Funding Innovation

▲ 3 ▲ A Philosophy for Blockchain Integrity

▲ 4 ▲ A Collaborative Blockchain Incubator

▲ 5 ▲ Blockchain Diversity & Passion

▲ 6 ▲ Blockchain Startup Expertise

▲ 7 ▲ Blockchain Portfolio Diversification

▲ 8 ▲ Blockchain Incubation to Employment

▲ 9 ▲ From Blockchain Innovation to Execution

▲ 10 ▲ Blockchain Will Transform Retail Lending

▲ 11 ▲ The Next Evolution in Crypto Trading

▲ 12 ▲ Crypto Trading for Everyone

▲ 13 ▲ Architecting Crypto Financial Instruments

▲ 14 ▲ Crypto, For the People, By the People

▲ 15 ▲ The Crypto Uprising

▲ 16 ▲ Blockchain’s Disruption in 2020 & Beyond

About the Author

Gabriel is the co-Founder and General Manager at Adel Ecosystem Ltd. He is a seasoned sales and marketing expert with over 25 years in senior positions at Motorola, VeriSign (acquired by Symantec in 2010), and SecureWorks (acquired by Dell in 2011), and Cognitive Security (acquired by Cisco in 2013). He is a blockchain entrepreneur, with strengths in international business strategy. Gabriel has a bachelor’s degree in Engineering Physics from McMaster University in Canada and expert knowledge in blockchain incubation, cloud computing, IT security, and video streaming, and Over the Top Content (OTT). Gabriel also runs his own company, Euro Tech Startups s.r.o, creator of MyKoddi, and manages a professional blog.

References

[i] “Fiat Money” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiat_money)

[ii] ” Trivia about driving on the left” (World Standards, https://www.worldstandards.eu/cars/trivia-about-driving-left/)

[iii] ”Imperial vs. Metric System” (Interchange, https://www.interexchange.org/articles/career-training-usa/2012/05/24/imperial-vs-metric-system/

[iv] ”NTSC vs. PAL” (Diffen, https://www.diffen.com/difference/NTSC_vs_PAL

[v] Dhawal D, “Why does UK/USA use 110/120V and others use 220/240V” (The DNetworks, http://thednetworks.com/2012/06/10/why-does-ukusa-use-110120v-and-others-use-220240v/)

[vi] ”History of the European Union” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_European_Union

[vii] ”Schengen Agreement” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schengen_Agreement

[viii] ”North American Free Trade Agreement” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_American_Free_Trade_Agreement

[ix] ”NATO” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NATO

[x] ”United Nations” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations)

[xi] “International Court of Justice” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Court_of_Justice)

[xii] ”International Monetary Fund” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Monetary_Fund)

[xiii] ”European Space Agency” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Space_Agency)

[xiv] ”World Health Organization” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Health_Organization)

[xv] ”Food and Agriculture Organization” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Food_and_Agriculture_Organization)

[xvi] ”UNICEF” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNICEF)

[xvii] ”International Labour Organization” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Labour_Organization)

[xviii] ”International Telecommunication Union” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Telecommunication_Union)

[xix] ”Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Institute_of_Electrical_and_Electronics_Engineers)

[xx] ”Internet Engineering Task Force” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Engineering_Task_Force)

[xxi] ”GNU General Public License” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNU_General_Public_License)

[xxii] ”International Organization for Standardization” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Organization_for_Standardization)

[xxiii] ”ICANN” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ICANN)

Euro Tech Startups ◙ Live

Helping Technology Companies Realize Their Full Potential

After several months of preparation, I am proud to announce the release of our new website, EuroStartups.Tech.

We would like to especially thank Evo Creative who was instrumental in designing and project managing our new website. Take a look when you have a chance and leave a comment below.

If you have any questions send us an email: info@eurostartups.tech.

 

Adel ▲ Opinion ▲ 17 ▲ Borderless Citizens™ in the 21st Century ▲ Introduction

Abstract

Thanks to the Internet and more recently, blockchain technology, the world is waking up to a political, economic, social and technological renaissance. The next two decades will result in a fundamental shift in human interaction, sharing, and freedom. All aspects of vertical and horizontal markets will be affected, including Finance & Banking, Healthcare, eGovernment, Communications, Information Technology (IT) and the Internet of things (IoT).

This series is presented in three parts and will analyze society’s paradigm shift in behavior and present a vision for the future. In this first part, the creation of virtual communities is explored, fueled by blockchain innovation and explores the evolution of the crypto sphere.

Introduction

Some inventions are taken for granted as if destined to be. New paradigms are woven into the fabric of our lives so nuanced that we forgo the lineage of its development. The internet is a classic example, where baby boomers[i] and generation-x[ii] reflect on a time when the Internet wasn’t even part of their vocabulary. We had questions, but nowhere to find answers. Our queries fade, and we moved on. Millennials now say, “OK Google” “Siri” or “Alexa” and get answers, with a side of dopamine. It has taken a few decades, but the internet has broken down the borders to information flow. Now the cyber-generation is taking their next steps in the global dissemination of content.

The introduction of blockchain and cryptocurrency is a culmination of social trends that favor open-source systems over proprietary systems, freedom over suppression, and privacy in place of monitoring. Before discussing blockchain let’s first bring Bitcoin to the forefront. Similar to email being the first application of the Internet, bitcoin was the first application of blockchain. In hindsight, it seems that the two were introduced in the wrong order, but it was rather clever because a useful application was immediately introduced to highlight the resilience of the infrastructure. The alternative would have been creating blockchain first and hoping the world would figure out how to use it. That may have also worked but may have taken longer. The potential of blockchain has now been recognized as transformational in practically every industry. Bitcoin and blockchain have not only brought on an evolutionary but a revolutionary paradigm in how our society behaves.

“What was once extraordinary, soon becomes normal.”

The internet was a disruptive force for many industries over the past few decades. Millennials[iii] are oblivious to paying for long-distance phone calls, waiting weeks to get a response to their letter, or the 74 minute limit of CDs. Throughout the ’90s and ’00s, the internet disrupted just about every industry in the world, including entertainment, computing, and communications. But no one dared to disrupt the finance industry until 2008 when the alias known as Satoshi Nakamoto[iv] wrote the white paper, “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”. It may have taken several years for the world to notice, but this challenge, “the religion of money”[v] controlled by centralized powers of a “monetary system [that] has its own intrinsic logic of growth”[vi]. Bitcoin set in motion a complete disruption of financial markets and introduced what is now known as “virtual currency”[vii] or “cryptocurrency”[viii]. Nakamoto arguably made a significant dent in just ten years of its inception, introducing financial services that are modified to utilize the crypto ideology.

At the Gettysburg address, on November 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln closed by saying “- and that government, of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth”. It is poignant to reference these words in today’s changing the world. For the first time in history, the world has a virtual currency that was created by the people, for the people, and of the people. A currency not controlled by a central power and lives autonomously and free in cyberspace.

With blockchain considered as the biggest invention since the Internet, what’s next? How is society changing because of bitcoin, and what is expected from its underlying technology? Which areas in our social-economic behavior will change due to this new technology and how will this affect the lives of our children’s children?

▲ Down the Crypto Rabbit Hole

If you liked this article and would like to read all of them in this series, then please click on the links below:

▲ 17 ▲ Introduction

▲ 18 ▲ Defining Borders

▲ 19 ▲ Pandemic Protocols

▲ 20 ▲ State Enforcement

▲ 21 ▲ What’s Next

▲ 22 ▲ Code Governance, But

▲ 23 ▲ System Essentials

▲ 24 ▲ MultiStakeholders in Crypto

▲ 25 ▲ Cyber Principles

▲ 26 ▲ Borderless Citizen™

▲ 27 ▲ Virtual State™

This series has also been published on Altcoin Magazine, in three parts:

▲ Borderless Citizens™ in the 21st Century

▲ What is Driving Crypto and the Creation of the Virtual State™?

▲ Will Pandemic Protocols Establish a Utopian Economy?

▲ Adel ▲ Opinions

If you liked this article and would like to read more in the series, then check them out here:

▲ 1 ▲ The Right Path to Funding Decentralized Organizations

▲ 2 ▲ The Next Evolution in Funding Innovation

▲ 3 ▲ A Philosophy for Blockchain Integrity

▲ 4 ▲ A Collaborative Blockchain Incubator

▲ 5 ▲ Blockchain Diversity & Passion

▲ 6 ▲ Blockchain Startup Expertise

▲ 7 ▲ Blockchain Portfolio Diversification

▲ 8 ▲ Blockchain Incubation to Employment

▲ 9 ▲ From Blockchain Innovation to Execution

▲ 10 ▲ Blockchain Will Transform Retail Lending

▲ 11 ▲ The Next Evolution in Crypto Trading

▲ 12 ▲ Crypto Trading for Everyone

▲ 13 ▲ Architecting Crypto Financial Instruments

▲ 14 ▲ Crypto, For the People, By the People

▲ 15 ▲ The Crypto Uprising

▲ 16 ▲ Blockchain’s Disruption in 2020 & Beyond

About the Author

Gabriel is the co-Founder and General Manager at Adel Ecosystem Ltd. He is a seasoned sales and marketing expert with over 25 years in senior positions at Motorola, VeriSign (acquired by Symantec in 2010), and SecureWorks (acquired by Dell in 2011), and Cognitive Security (acquired by Cisco in 2013). He is a blockchain entrepreneur, with strengths in international business strategy. Gabriel has a bachelor’s degree in Engineering Physics from McMaster University in Canada and expert knowledge in blockchain incubation, cloud computing, IT security, and video streaming, and Over the Top Content (OTT). Gabriel also runs his own company, Euro Tech Startups s.r.o, creator of MyKoddi, and manages a professional blog.

References

[i] “Baby Boomers” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baby_boomers

[ii] ”Generation_X” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Generation_X

[iii] ”Millennials” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Millennials

[iv] ”Satoshi Nakamoto” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satoshi_Nakamoto

[v] Stratford Caldecott, “The Religion of Money” (March 26, 2012, http://www.theimaginativeconservative.org/2012/03/religion-of-money.html)

[vi] Philip Goodchild, “On his book Theology of Money” (Rorotoko, November 30, 2009, http://rorotoko.com/interview/20091130_goodchiled_philip_on_theology_of_money/?page=2)

[vii] “Virtual Currency” (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtual_currency)

[viii] “Crypto Currency (Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptocurrency)

Adel ▲ Opinion ▲ 16 ▲ Blockchain’s Disruption in 2020 & Beyond

How the insurance sector will learn to love smart contracts

As we mark the ten-year anniversary of Bitcoin’s launch, there’s no shortage of news and speculation related to the digital currency’s value and potential applications. Articles related to blockchain, the overwhelming concentrate on an infrastructure underpinning digital currency used for speculative investments. The reality is far more complex. Blockchain technology’s potential application could disrupt vertical industries as diverse as entertainment, agriculture, and logistics.

As distributed ledger technology (DLT), Blockchains have the potential to reduce human error, costs, and processing of data throughout entire supply chains. They also enable synchronization and reconciliation of databases between various players, by increasing efficiency and transparency. These qualities are particularly relevant for the insurance industry, where claims are particularly cumbersome and require details to be checked and verified by separate parties.

Although Blockchain doesn’t inherently change the insurance industry’s business model, it does reduce points of friction between stakeholders while enabling transparency and scalability. In particular, the use of smart contracts, (self-executing pieces of code) sitting on an immutable transparent and auditable shared ledger could revolutionize insurance practices. Blockchain’s “Smart Code” self-executes in response to certain triggers (oracles) from one contractual state to the next and self-verifies when certain terms and conditions have been met.

In practical terms this dramatically changes the risk transparency between contracted parties, improving the ability to calculate risk through verifiable sources, that can be checked in real-time. This automated risk assessment enables blockchain to handle more risk using smart contracts than could otherwise be done using archaic paper=based policies. Blockchain’s data-sharing foundation has the added benefit of protecting against fraud among insurers, reinsurers, and regulators through a distributed database infrastructure.

The reality of smart contract automation is a concern for insurance incumbents who depend on traditional investigations that maintain manual controls necessary to reduce settlement costs. This may result in an influx of insurance startups who will disrupt the industry. If they are successful, it may lead to an insurance revolution throughout the 2020s and beyond.

As a blockchain technology incubator, Adel sees enormous opportunities for this ground-breaking technology to radically transform the way traditional industries operate. As we enter 2019, more people are realizing that this technology can be applied beyond financial services speculative trading applications. The growing awareness of how blockchain can be applied to reduce supply chain frictions in ossified business structures is one of our main predictions for 2019. The use of smart contract technology transforms industries that continue to log information manually., Outdated business models can now be consigned to the past by using blockchain’s trust consensus, in a way that wouldn’t have been possible just a decade ago.

▲ Adel ▲ Opinions

If you liked this article and would like to read more in the series, then check them out here:

▲ 1 ▲ The Right Path to Funding Decentralized Organizations

▲ 2 ▲ The Next Evolution in Funding Innovation

▲ 3 ▲ A Philosophy for Blockchain Integrity

▲ 4 ▲ A Collaborative Blockchain Incubator

▲ 5 ▲ Blockchain Diversity & Passion

▲ 6 ▲ Blockchain Startup Expertise

▲ 7 ▲ Blockchain Portfolio Diversification

▲ 8 ▲ Blockchain Incubation to Employment

▲ 9 ▲ From Blockchain Innovation to Execution

▲ 10 ▲ Blockchain Will Transform Retail Lending

▲ 11 ▲ The Next Evolution in Crypto Trading

▲ 12 ▲ Crypto Trading for Everyone

▲ 13 ▲ Architecting Crypto Financial Instruments

▲ 14 ▲ Crypto, For the People, By the People

▲ 15 ▲ The Crypto Uprising

▲ 16 ▲ Blockchain’s Disruption in 2020 & Beyond

About the Author

Gabriel is the co-Founder and General Manager at Adel Ecosystem Ltd. He is a seasoned sales and marketing expert with over 25 years in senior positions at Motorola, VeriSign (acquired by Symantec in 2010), and SecureWorks (acquired by Dell in 2011), and Cognitive Security (acquired by Cisco in 2013). He is a blockchain entrepreneur, with strengths in international business strategy. Gabriel has a bachelor’s degree in Engineering Physics from McMaster University in Canada and expert knowledge in blockchain incubation, cloud computing, IT security, and video streaming, and Over the Top Content (OTT). Gabriel also runs his own company, Euro Tech Startups s.r.o, creator of MyKoddi, and manages a professional blog.